Useful Resources & Factsheets

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

What is abnormal uterine bleeding?

Abnormal uterine bleeding is very common. Types of abnormal uterine bleeding include: bleeding (spotting) between periods, bleeding after sex, heavy bleeding which lasts for more than 7 days in the menstrual cycle, and bleeding after menopause.

What causes abnormal uterine bleeding?

There are many potential causes of abnormal uterine bleeding, including:

  • pregnancy
  • fibroid tumours
  • endometrial/uterine polyp or cancer
  • hormonal imbalance
  • miscarriage
  • ectopic pregnancy
  • polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
  • endometriosis
  • cancer of the cervix or vagina
  • birth control measures such as oral pills or intrauterine device (IUD)

How is the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding diagnosed?

A diagnosis of the cause of uterine bleeding is made after a medical history is taken and physical examination and tests are performed.

Tests may include:

  • pregnancy test: to confirm whether you are pregnant.
  • pelvic ultrasound: an imaging test that uses high-frequency sound waves to create pictures of the pelvic organs.
  • endometrial biopsy: a procedure to take cells from the lining of the uterus (endometrium) to check for any abnormalities.
  • hysteroscopy: a minor and fairly safe surgical procedure used for diagnosis and/or treatment of various conditions of the uterus. In this procedure, a thin magnifying instrument called a hysteroscope is inserted into the uterus through the vagina to view the internal structures. The camera in the hysteroscope displays the images on a monitor thereby helping the surgeon to view the internal structures.

How is abnormal uterine bleeding treated?

The treatment plan for uterine bleeding depends on the cause as well as a number of other factors, such as your age and whether you are planning to become pregnant.

The treatment options may include:

  • birth control pills: to help maintain regular periods.
  • an intra-uterine device (IUD):  a birth control device that is inserted in the uterus which can control the release of hormones.
  • dilatation and curettage (D&C): a surgical procedure in which the cervix is expanded with a dilator and the tissue lining the uterus (endometrium) is sampled with a curette.

How we can help

Enhance natural fertility

At our clinic, we embrace a holistic approach to enhance natural fertility and optimise gynaecological and reproductive health. We are passionate in our belief that diet, exercise and environment contribute to fertility and general health.

Fertility Treatments & IVF

Newtown Fertility Centre offers various fertility treatments including ovulation induction, Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF). We welcome everybody to our clinic including the LGBTQ community and support patients for their individual needs.

A tailored approach

Every patient is unique. At Newtown Fertility Centre, we know that every body and every family is different and enjoy tailoring our approach to each individual. After an initial consultation, we put in place a personalised treatment plan.

Our commitment

“At Newtown Fertility Centre, we understand many of the challenges patients face on their fertility journey or path to better health. We are committed to providing a comfortable and supportive environment and working in partnership with our patients to achieve the best possible health. Patients know their bodies better than anyone else, and it is this respect for the patient that sets us apart.”

Your journey starts here

Submit an enquiry – or call (02) 9519-9707