Useful Resources & Factsheets

Pelvic Pain

Pelvic Pain

Pelvic pain is common. The pelvic region is the area between the umbilicus (belly button) and the groin in the front and between the buttocks at the back. Many organs sit in the pelvis that makes up the reproductive, urinary and digestive systems. They are supported by surrounding muscles, including the pelvic floor.

Pelvic pain can be acute or chronic. Acute pelvic pain occurs suddenly and stays only for a short period of time.  Chronic pelvic pain lasts for more than six months. Acute pain may occur on top of chronic pain.


Pelvic pain may be dull or sharp; persistent or intermittent; mild to severe, and can extend to your lower back or thighs.

The common symptoms with pelvic pain are:

  • Pain in the hip and groin area
  • Pain and cramps during menstruation
  • Pain during urination, bowel movements, and intercourse
  • Constipation or diarrhoea


The common causes of acute pelvic pain are:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (infection of the reproductive organs),
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Appendicitis (inflammation of appendix)
  • Ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy that occurs outside the uterus)
  • Twisted or ruptured ovarian cyst
  • Ruptured fallopian tube
  • Miscarriage or threatened miscarriage
  • Congestion or abscess (collection of pus) in the pelvic region

The common causes of chronic pelvic pain are:

  • Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Endometriosis (abnormal growth of uterus lining)
  • Interstitial cystitis (inflammation of urinary bladder)
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Pelvic floor disorders (spasm or tension in the pelvic floor muscles)
  • Uterine fibroids (non-cancerous uterine growths)
  • Psychological factors such as stress, depression or a history of physical abuse


A full history, physical examination and investigations are required to make a diagnosis. 

Studies such as X-ray, ultrasound, laparoscopy, CT (Contrast tomography) and Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan are helpful in examining the pain source in the pelvic region.


Treatment for pelvic pain depends on the cause of pain, intensity and frequency of the pain. At times, treatment needs to be multidisciplinary; that is a few people may need to work together to help treat your pain. Dr Andreadis will co-ordinate your care.

Options may include:

  • Antibiotics
  • Pain relief
  • Surgery
  • Physiotherapy
  • Relaxation therapy
  • Counselling

How we can help

Enhance natural fertility

At our clinic, we embrace a holistic approach to enhance natural fertility and optimise gynaecological and reproductive health. We are passionate in our belief that diet, exercise and environment contribute to fertility and general health.

Fertility Treatments & IVF

Newtown Fertility Centre offers various fertility treatments including ovulation induction, Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF). We welcome everybody to our clinic including the LGBTQ community and support patients for their individual needs.

A tailored approach

Every patient is unique. At Newtown Fertility Centre, we know that every body and every family is different and enjoy tailoring our approach to each individual. After an initial consultation, we put in place a personalised treatment plan.

Our commitment

“At Newtown Fertility Centre, we understand many of the challenges patients face on their fertility journey or path to better health. We are committed to providing a comfortable and supportive environment and working in partnership with our patients to achieve the best possible health. Patients know their bodies better than anyone else, and it is this respect for the patient that sets us apart.”

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