Useful Resources & Factsheets

Recurrent Miscarriage

What is a miscarriage?

Miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of pregnancy before the 20th week and is one of the most common complications of pregnancy. Two or more consecutive pregnancy losses is termed as recurrent miscarriage.

What are the causes of miscarriage?

In 50% of cases, the cause of miscarriage is not known.

Known causes of miscarriage include:

  • lifestyle risk factors, such as smoking and excessive alcohol use
  • genetic abnormality in the embryo, egg or sperm
  • abnormalities in the uterus or womb, such as fibroids or polyps
  • disorders of clotting
  • disorders of immunity
  • infections, such as bacterial infections in the vagina
  • hormone disorders, such as thyroid disorders, diabetes, polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • sperm factor, such as elevated sperm DNA damage


The following are factors that could increase risk of recurrent miscarriage:

  • being above the age of 35
  • being overweight or underweight
  • previous pregnancy loss

How is recurrent miscarriage diagnosed?

Generally, I start by taking a thorough history and examination of the patients. Then, I often order a series of tests to determine the cause of recurrent miscarriage.

How is recurrent miscarriage treated?

Treatment for patients with recurrent pregnancy loss is based on the cause of the miscarriage.

If you have a genetic cause, you will be recommended genetic counselling, where you are counselled about the genetic abnormality and the possibility of having a normal pregnancy in the future. In cases of uterine abnormality, you may be recommended for surgery.

Medications may be prescribed to treat miscarriages related to diabetes, thyroid or hormonal problems.

Should an obvious cause not be found, we can provide supportive therapy to help you achieve an ongoing pregnancy.

How we can help

Enhance natural fertility

At our clinic, we embrace a holistic approach to enhance natural fertility and optimise gynaecological and reproductive health. We are passionate in our belief that diet, exercise and environment contribute to fertility and general health.

Fertility Treatments & IVF

Newtown Fertility Centre offers various fertility treatments including ovulation induction, Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), In-Vitro Fertilisation (IVF). We welcome everybody to our clinic including the LGBTQ community and support patients for their individual needs.

A tailored approach

Every patient is unique. At Newtown Fertility Centre, we know that every body and every family is different and enjoy tailoring our approach to each individual. After an initial consultation, we put in place a personalised treatment plan.

Our commitment

“At Newtown Fertility Centre, we understand many of the challenges patients face on their fertility journey or path to better health. We are committed to providing a comfortable and supportive environment and working in partnership with our patients to achieve the best possible health. Patients know their bodies better than anyone else, and it is this respect for the patient that sets us apart.”

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Submit an enquiry – or call (02) 9519-9707